Using Reward Stickers for Teachers: Some Advantages and Disadvantages

Rewards have always been around to provide motivation. They help provide a boost to propel people toward certain goals and reinforce positive behavior or attitude. For children in school, one of the common reward systems is the use of school stamps, teacher reward stickers, or children’s stickers. However, teachers should keep in mind that the use of these and other incentives should be handled with care, especially for children. With their young mindset and disposition, what teachers pretend to be a motivational approach could easily backfire and make some children feel bad.

As with other reward systems, the benefit of gifting stickers to children is that they serve as a tangible form of recognition for a job well done. These tokens help reinforce positive results by encouraging repetition of the behavior that was rewarded. This approach might be more meaningful to children as they may not easily understand or relate to their own goals. These simple rewards would then serve as things to look forward to the next time they do something good.

Another benefit of using children’s stickers as a tangible prize is that they are the “safest” to give away, in the sense that they are not considered a bribe. This is something that cannot be said for other rewards such as chocolate, candy or toys. Reward stickers for teachers are often treated as mini-certificates of appreciation. There is also the advantage that the stickers are usually cheap. They are usually packaged in bulk in stores at an affordable cost, or can even be printed by the masters themselves.

Another advantage of teacher reward stickers is that the rewarded child receives something that they can take home and show to the parents. Therefore, the achievements or good behavior of the child are also communicated to the family members. This could be especially important if the child’s parents are busy and do not have time to attend regular parent-teacher conferences. Simply by having a child display stickers, parents receive feedback and may even be further encouraged to attend the next time there is a conference at school. This helps parents learn more about their child’s performance. Kids stickers can also serve as a reminder to both the student and their parents about to-dos and other school events.

However, as mentioned above, there are certain downsides to this reward method. The first of these is that some children may feel insecure about themselves if they do not receive as many stickers as others. This is especially true if the teacher displays the stickers on a chart. Rather than promoting healthy competition as needed, this could make some kids feel discouraged.

However, if the teacher chooses to keep the stickers on a public display, he should make sure that different things can be awarded, not just rewards for aptitude in the class.

Another downside to using reward stickers for teachers is that student incentive expectations can increase over time. Rather than focus on the intangible, though more important, values ​​that they gain from good behavior, such as knowledge and discipline, they may tend to focus more on the tangible rewards they get as the bottom line. To mitigate this, teachers should also use the concept of intangible rewards. It is advisable to consider prizes for the whole group. The teacher can set a goal for the entire class, such as following a consistent “quiet hour” for an entire week. In this way, teamwork is encouraged along with individual behavior.

Teacher reward stickers are very effective in more ways than one. Teachers can definitely depend on these to improve the school learning environment, especially among very young students. When using reward methods such as children’s stickers or school stamps, teachers should keep in mind that such incentives should be reduced and phased out over time. After all, students shouldn’t depend on awards to keep doing well. The ultimate goal of these methods is to help students inherently motivate themselves, to always keep doing their best with or without a reward waiting.

Property rentals in Panama

Investing in real estate in Panama by renting the properties can be very profitable. However, real estate leasing laws are old and confusing for foreigners. Here is a summary of Panama’s leasing laws:

The Civil Code of 1917 copied the Spanish Civil Code that regulates real estate leases in rural and urban areas. Private residential properties whose rents exceed $ 150 per month, commercial activities, educational activities and industrial use are covered by this law.

Law 93 of 1973 controls urban residential leases, subleases, room rentals and furnished apartments up to $ 150 per month. Forty years ago, $ 150 a month was a substantial income. Vacation (vacation) apartments that are rented for more than six months are also subject to this law. Tenants enjoy greater protection against rent increases and evictions than under the Civil Code.

Leases that are excluded from Law 93 include rural properties, old reverted properties of the Panama Canal Zone, fixed daily rate rentals (motels, inns, hotels and pensions), vacation home leases of less than six months and properties leased from the government.

Since foreigners will only rent properties for more than $ 150 a month, only the rights of the tenant will be covered here under the Civil Code:

Annuities: Both parties can negotiate any monthly rental price and increases they want. Rental contracts are usually in Spanish. When foreigners rent to other foreigners, the contract can be written in Spanish and translated or written in both languages.

Security deposits: A security deposit equal to one month’s rent is sent to the Ministry of Housing, which is reimbursed to the tenant upon expiration of the lease, unless the landlord files a claim for rent owed or damage to the tenant’s property. However, most foreigners are unaware of this requirement and many Panamanians ignore it when collecting deposits themselves.

Duration of the lease: There are no restrictions on the length of a lease. Landlords cannot evict a paying tenant before the lease expires. However, tenants can break any lease with 30 calendar days notice.

Utilities: Some utilities and services cannot be transferred to the tenant’s name, such as the condo and water homeowners association fees, which are paid by the landlord and incorporated into the rental rate. Cable TV, Internet, telephone, and electricity may be in the name of the tenant paying those bills. Commercial property bills, such as building maintenance fees, water, and utilities, are generally paid by the tenant.

Triplicate: Prepare the Rental Agreement in triplicate. The tenant keeps a copy, the landlord receives another copy, while a third copy is filed with the Ministry of Housing, which also has the security deposit. Again, many foreigners are unaware of this requirement, while many Panamanians simply ignore it and only require copies for the tenant and owner.

Foreign Usually they are asked to provide the first month’s security and damage deposits. A personal Panamanian reference letter is often required. Local bank checks or cash are preferred.

Repair The electrical, plumbing, and structural parts of the building are usually the responsibility of the owner.

To invest In Panama, real estate by renting apartments or houses can be very profitable. Some foreigners rent to multinational corporations that have regional headquarters here for their executive and visiting employees. Rental payments are often made by bank transfer and some pay by check.

Taxes they are paid by foreigners and Panamanians alike on their income. However, there are many write-offs and tax deductions just like in the US, Canada, and European countries. A homeowner can pay fees for maintenance, repairs, management services, real estate commissions, utilities, and other expenses.

Real estate commissions They typically consist of a month’s rent and since there is no MLS in Panama, it is not uncommon to see two or three real estate agents splitting the commission between themselves. Current law requires paying an ITBMS tax (VAT) of 7% in addition to the commission.

Real estate services On behalf of the tenant generally includes the installation of cable TV, Internet, telephone and electricity on behalf of the tenant if the tenant requests this service.

Hire a competent Panama real estate attorney to advise you on real estate laws, landlord and tenant laws, and taxes before purchasing apartments or houses as investments.

Make Your Log Cabins Worth Living – Get rid of those musty smells!

A log cabin means much more than a log home to many of us. The feeling of living in one is very different from the average house we all live in. It makes us feel closer to nature. Just as glass and metal create a contemporary or modern atmosphere, logs and heavy wood create a unique atmosphere that calms the soul. But the structure is very sensitive to fungal growth which is not common in masonry or masonry structures. To get rid of those moldy log cabins, here are some instructions.

To start, make sure there is adequate air circulation. Keep windows open for air exchange to occur. If the air exchange cycle is blocked, the air stagnates and therefore the bad smell. This simple step alone could eliminate the problem to a great extent.

A high level of humidity in the air greatly favors a musty smell. To reduce the humidity level, run a dehumidifier. A dehumidifier can be installed in your home to lower the level of humidity in the air. The normal indoor humidity level is around 50%. Higher levels of humidity, in general, are dangerous in many other ways, such as encouraging the escalation of dust mite populations, causing problems for allergy sufferers, and condensation on electrical items that can cause irreparable damage. For effective use of the dehumidifier, it must be used properly.

If you want to try something inexpensive that works well for removing bad odors from wood, place a bowl of baking soda in the corner of each room. It is a natural odor remover and will effectively remove musty odors. You’ll find baking soda in large boxes that are designed to clean and deodorize large areas, and you’ll be surprised how cheap it is compared to other odor removal options.

Continuing with the items that are available in the kitchen, vinegar and lemon juice are your next options. Both vinegar and lemon juice are acidic substances. Any odor-causing organism that is present in the air could die from constant contact. Fill several small bowls with one of the two and place them randomly in different rooms. In case of lemon juice, mix water with it. The same can be done with ground coffee.

It may surprise you, but kitty litter can go a long way when it comes to a musty smell. Cat litter is a natural and effective odor neutralizer. Place cat litter in open containers and place a container in each room. Change every twelve hours. Do the same for two to three days and you have an odor-free log cabin.

Check the drainage. Condensation in pipes often leads to drips that create a foul odor. Also make sure there are no leaks. The smell does not really come from the water droplets, but rather from the molds and fungi that grow in the puddles formed by the leaks. When these creatures grow in numbers, they can generate quite a strong scent. They can even spread to other regions of your home, reinforcing the musty smell.

Many commercial cleaners are good at neutralizing odors. Check them out at a local store as they should be available quickly and easily. It would be nice to spend a little more on a known brand than to spend a small amount on an unknown brand that will hardly work. An investment of five dollars is better than three of two dollars.

Look for professional cleaners for hard-to-reach areas and musty odors that haven’t disappeared even after a lot of effort. These people have the right tools to remove fungus and clean any area of ​​your home. They may charge fees for their services, but you surely won’t be bothered by unpleasant smells in your home when they’re done. Remember, some of the best things in life are not free.

If you’re successful in getting rid of the musty smell, which you should be, make an effort to keep your log cabin clean. General cleaning of the place is very helpful and should keep your place odor-free forever. A dirty home, even after going through a complete odor removal procedure, will always be susceptible to odors.

A home visit will not be a comfortable experience if your home has unpleasant odors, nor will you like living in your own smelly space. Follow these suggestions to eliminate odors. Leave the scented candles for a romantic dinner.

12 tips to avoid foreclosure and save your home

If you are in danger of facing foreclosure because you have defaulted on your monthly mortgage payments, you must act quickly before it is too late to negotiate a loan modification and your home is sold at a foreclosure auction. You may feel desperate now, but there is still hope until the auction date arrives. Here are some tips to help save your home from foreclosure.

  1. During foreclosure proceedings, do not move out of your home in order to claim benefits such as one-time FHA mortgage insurance, etc.
  2. Mark your mortgage due date in red and prioritize your most important financial obligations accordingly.
  3. Make a list of all your monthly payments. Your monthly mortgage payment should be at the top of the list. Credit card bills, personal loans, and other unsecured debt will have to suffer and go through the lists in the meantime as you catch up on your mortgage payments. In addition to damaging your credit score, these debts will have no major consequences compared to losing your home to foreclosure. The effects of foreclosure on your credit score are MUCH more severe anyway.
  4. Don’t ignore or wait for your bank’s foreclosure notice. Inform them ahead of time that you are in financial crisis because of a hardship. This act of good faith could generate some mercy from your lender. Provide the necessary supporting documents for the loan modification for evaluation. In all likelihood, your lender could extend the grace period or consider a forbearance agreement as long as you make the effort to catch up on your mortgage payments.
  5. Seek help from the credit counseling and debt management program. You can repair your own credit by downloading our free credit repair kit. Take advantage of lenders and local housing agencies or extension services that these programs offer, especially if it is free. The best place to look for free foreclosure and financial help is the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), as there are lists of credit counseling and debt management agencies approved to work with HUD loans. and possibly your lender. In cases involving predatory promissory notes or loans, contact your bank directly.
  6. Consider options for affordable mortgage payments. It could be restructuring or refinancing your home loan. With the new Obama loan modification programs available today, deciding what to choose would be easy based on your financial ability. Be aware that mortgage refinance costs can be expensive due to processing fees, such as closing costs and points.
  7. If you can negotiate a lower monthly mortgage payment, get the resolution in writing. In fact, keep all loan modification documents that legally represent any agreement or arrangement with your lender.
  8. If not, sell unnecessary assets. You can raise money by doing this and pay off your mortgage until you recover from your financial difficulties. It is also a good time to reduce your monthly expenses. But doing both will not be enough in the long run if your financial situation remains the same.
  9. You can sell your home to a third party as an alternative. This could be called a short sale. Sometimes creditors accept this as a total debt settlement. However, the sale value of the home typically cannot cover the outstanding loan balance, so some banks will rob you for poor foreclosure if you have too many assets. Get the help of a housing counselor, real estate agent, or loan modification attorney. You can also buy your property back after the foreclosure auction.
  10. Negotiate a forbearance agreement. As much as you want to keep your home, it is as much as the lenders want to get paid. In the case of forbearance, your lender will temporarily halt the foreclosure proceedings until another payment option can be enforced.
  11. Declare bankruptcy. This could put your credit history in a bad position. Remember that you may or may not be able to keep your home with this option. If you seriously think this is your only way out, call your attorney to discuss what to do.
  12. Turn your home over to your lender. This is called a “deed in lieu of foreclosure.” This option will not affect your credit score, but you will be homeless. As you make things easier for the lender, this act can be recognized simply by eliminating your loan balance, even if the home sells less. Again, get the help of a mortgage attorney.

Be realistic when choosing your options because once an agreement is reached you must comply, otherwise you will surely face another foreclosure.

Most mortgages are guaranteed or financed by government programs such as HUD, FHA, or VA. If your mortgage belongs to one of these agencies, ask what options they offer to save your home. But first you must approach your lender to negotiate personally openly and honestly. By doing so, you will save paying for credit counseling agencies or attorneys.

Real estate characteristics

Real estate has several unique characteristics that affect its value. There are economic characteristics and physical characteristics. Real estate is a product that is bought but differs from everything else due to the characteristics that will be discussed here.

The economic characteristics that influence the value are scarcity, improvements, permanence and area preference. The scarcity is demonstrated simply by the saying: “They are no longer producing.” The supply of land has a ceiling and cannot be produced more than what exists today. However, this value of this supply is influenced by other characteristics.

Improvements, such as buildings on a parcel of land, can affect the value of neighboring parcels or the entire community. If a large company builds in a certain depressed neighborhood, the value of living there will likely increase due to the introduction of jobs. This value would impact neighboring communities, thus increasing the value of real estate in these areas in some way.

Permanence has to do with infrastructure. As buildings, houses, or other structures are demolished, infrastructure, such as sewers, sewers, electricity, and water, remains intact. Effects of real estate permanence, or the type of infrastructure. If you buy land in an area without utilities, drainage, or paved streets, it will most likely be worth less than land that has this infrastructure intact and developed.

Area preference refers to the choices of people in a given area. Most people refer to this when they talk about real estate as “location, location, location.” The location of a preferred area, for whatever reasons, is what makes home values ​​higher. On the contrary, the location of a non-preferred area, for whatever reason, is what makes the value of homes lower. New 8,000-square-foot homes on the shoreline of Long Island, East Hampton will be worth much more due to your area preference, over an area of ​​1,200-square-foot start-up homes in central Long Island, located next to a landfill. trash.

The physical characteristics of the earth represent its indestructible nature, immobility and inhomogeneity. Working backwards, we will start with inhomogeneity. This simply indicates that no two parcels are the same. Two parcels of land can be very similar, but each parcel is different geographically because each parcel is located in a different location. This includes two batches side by side. It is important to remember that parcels are created by subdivision of land, so that as a large 20 acre parcel is subdivided, each individual lot becomes its own separate parcel of land.

The earth cannot move, therefore it is immobile. Even when the ground is pulled from the ground, the part of the Earth’s surface will always remain. It is important to note here how this physical characteristic affects legislation and real estate markets. Land immobility is the reason why property laws and markets are local in nature.

The indestructibility of the earth simply means that it is durable and cannot be destroyed. It can be damaged by storms and other disasters, but it remains and endures the changing times and will always be there. This is one of the main reasons why land is referred to as a good investment.

So the basic characteristics of real estate include scarcity, land improvements, permanence, area preference, inhomogeneity, indestructibility, and immobility. Keep in mind that there is a big difference between land and real estate. The land is the part of the earth’s surface, the subsoil and the air above it. Real estate is anything that sticks to the ground. So when you are looking for investments, it is important to consider the infrastructure of the area, the surrounding neighborhood and the preferences of the area or … location, location, location!

Explanation of the dangers of condominiums

Condos have grown to become an important habitat for urban centers in North America. Considered a carefree lifestyle living alternative, they have become very popular, especially in the last 10 years or so. Single people, childless couples, and retirees seem to be particularly drawn to them, primarily because of the convenient comforts in and around them.

However, for many buyers and unit owners, condo ownership can be ambiguous and complicated. Since condos are not based on the same ownership structure as traditional (freehold) houses at street level, comparing condos to traditional houses is like comparing apples to oranges. Ownership of a condominium is based on a two-level ownership system. One level belongs to the individual unit itself, and the second to the prorated and undivided interest of all common elements in the condominium complex, including the land below the complex. While the unit owner receives an individual deed to his unit, it is contingent at all times and subordinate to the master deed of the second-level property, represented by the common elements of the condominium complex. On the contrary, a traditional house, structured by its simple property title, gives its owner absolute and exclusive ownership of both the land and the house built on it.

The main distinction here is that the owner of the individual unit is not the absolute owner of the condo property. Sharing a common roof and the rest of the condo complex with the other unit owners makes them an intrinsic part of the jointly owned commune. Therefore, the value and fate of any individual unit depends on all unit owners electing competent leaders (board members) to govern their condo complex diligently, and paying property tax on time. estate, monthly maintenance fee, and special appraisal, as they become due. .

These are two vitally important prerequisites for any condo complex to be professionally managed and fiscally healthy to preserve the value of your units in the future.

One important thing to keep in mind is that the loss of property to the homeowner does not negatively affect any of your neighbors. In contrast, the loss of your unit by the condo owner automatically affects all of your neighbors, the other unit owners in the same condo complex, by increasing your financial obligations to maintain the entire complex. The more unit losses, the greater financial burden on the owners of the remaining units to maintain the complex.

Condominium complexes are comprised of unit owners with varying financial strengths. Some buy all their units for cash and others with a hefty down payment. Many others can only afford to buy their units with very small down payments, facilitated through secured high-index mortgages, also known as Monster, mostly guaranteed by taxpayers. Economic policy makers, through quasi-government-formed insurance agencies like Fannie May, Freddy Mac, and CMHC in Canada, have been approving and encouraging such (subsidized) purchases to stimulate the economy for quite some time.

In times of a healthy economy and vibrant real estate markets, the condo scene, as long as it is not overvalued, can be a viable alternative to the traditional homes for which it was originally designed since its inception in 1965. Its volatility comes into play in times of excessively inflated prices, oversupply, unemployment and interest spikes.

As a general rule, owners of financially weaker units are the first to succumb during economic adversity. Their units are repossessed and sold for forced sales. If adverse conditions persist, over time, pressure on the remaining unit owners to shoulder the financial burden of maintaining the entire complex can start a ripple effect. More unit owners may succumb to financial pressures, especially when there are no buyers of new units available on the market.

To realize what can happen to condos in the extreme, one has to look at what happened to cooperatives or “Co-ops”, a concept very similar to condo-like ownership. The Great Depression of the 1930s caused dozens of cooperative owners, unable to cope with their financial problems, defaulting on their maintenance fees and common cooperative mortgages. That precipitated the catastrophic failure of large-scale cooperatives. Should the economy stagnate again, condominiums, many of them funded to the core, may end up suffering their demise just as cooperatives did some eighty years ago.

To avoid such terrifying scenarios, the public should be aware that buying a condo complex is not a worry-free property arrangement, as many believe. In fact, it is fraught with dangers. The popular assumption that buying a condo unit frees you from your complex property concerns is totally wrong. The public needs a warning about condo ownership.

Government regulators and policy makers should keep in mind that condos are the most volatile of real estate products due to the financial diversity of their residents. Financially weak unit owners with little or no equity in their units should realize that defaulting on a condo’s mortgage and maintenance fees will cause them to lose their units, resulting in financial liabilities that could haunt them for years. Politicians and regulators in charge must realize that in the next big market correction, the trade-off of stimulating the economy by inducing financially weak buyers to buy condos with little or no down payment can backfire, resulting in taxpayers pay the bill for defaulted policyholders. mortgages. Worse still, vacancies due to the aftermath of unit owners without equity capital could cause disastrous consequences for the remaining unit owners and their complexes.

To prevent such possibilities and ensure that condominiums remain a viable and sustainable form of housing, certain safeguards must be restored, one of which was previously used by financial institutions, to benefit the future of the condo industry.

A mandatory minimum down payment of at least 35%

Before government insurers stepped in to insure high-rate mortgages on condominium units, financial institutions insisted on a 35% minimum down payment. Knowing that condos were exceptionally risky, they would not provide mortgages for more than 65% of their unit value. Their risk was later minimized, in fact almost eliminated, once insured government agencies began providing them with guarantees in case of eventual defaults.

In doing so, a vehicle was formed whereby a traditional tenant with very little cash available could purchase a condo unit without depositing much of his own money (equity). This government-subsidized policy had induced dozens of traditional tenants, many of them turned speculators, to buy as many condos as possible in order to keep the housing sector as a strong contributor to the country’s economy.

The imperfection of such a socialist system was put to the test during the real estate collapse of the early 1990s, where due to oversupply the pool of legitimately available buyers dried up, causing a drastic reduction in unit values ​​of properties. condominiums and massive defaults. by owners of units without equity. Those hardest hit were taxpayers, who paid banks billions of dollars for defaulted mortgages through government insurance agencies.

A second test of system imperfection occurred in the United States in 2008, where again, home prices, and particularly condos, experienced a devaluation of up to 50% in many major urban areas. Once again, it was the taxpayers who had to pay the bill for the defaulted mortgages.

It seems that not much was learned from such failures. A recent MarketWatch article titled “Opinion: Buying a Home Soon Will Be Easier, But Don’t” from October 24, 2014, quotes the FHFA Director as saying that Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac plan to guarantee some loans with such small payments. like 3%.

Given that most economists agree that we currently live in an economic bubble with over-inflated home prices, we must ask ourselves if we can afford to sit back and wait for the next market crash that would lead to another major condo devaluation. The next such accident could affect not only taxpayers, but also the number of homeowners who would lose their condo units. It is quite possible that condominium complexes that are left with many vacant units could end up in insolvency, eventually transforming into ordinary apartment buildings. The damage to the economy, indeed to the whole of society, could be very serious.

In order to preserve the condo industry and to minimize the risk of taxpayer liability in the event of potential massive defaults, condos should be excluded from high-ratio secured mortgages. Condo buyers must again be required to make a down payment of at least 35% of their own money if they wish to purchase a condo. Since they no longer qualify for government-guaranteed insurance on their mortgages, and condos continue to be overpriced, banks may insist on even higher down payments. As scary as it sounds, this would actually lead us back to free market politics, on which our society was founded. Well-governed condo complexes, made up of unit owners capable of paying for their distinctive lifestyle, would be in a much better financial position as their individual owners would deposit their own (substantial) equity in the units, leaving them in a much better position. to cope with future increased maintenance costs. Your individual and collective financial strength would ensure the preservation, even improvement, of your units and complexes for times to come.

Disqualifying condos for high-rate secured mortgages would not weaken the real estate industry. In fact, it would entice developers to build more affordable apartment buildings to house members of the public who cannot afford to buy real estate, and it would relieve taxpayers from paying high-ratio secured mortgages on delinquent condo units.

Saving water in California landscapes

There are a number of ideas that should work together to achieve a water-saving landscape design and installation. These include:

Planting: Choose mainly plants that have some resistance to drought and need watering, perhaps 1 to 4 times a month during the summer. group plants that have similar watering requirements. Plants that need more water can often be used in special areas, to add a touch to doorways, for example.

Irrigation-Group of valve circuits by hydrozones so that you can water properly for each zone.

For sprinkler and rotor irrigation, carefully position and adjust the heads to avoid overspray, and use matching rainfall rate heads on each circuit. For drip irrigation, use installation methods that limit the brittleness of the system – spaghetti tubing, for example, breaks easily. The drip emitter locations should be added and subtracted as the plants grow. Consider weather-sensitive “smart” controllers, such as subscription or standalone weather sensor packages. With or without these types of controllers, pay attention to the clock setting – this is where more water is wasted than anywhere else (turn it off during the rainy season in Northern California!).

Mulch – Use 2 to 3 inches deep of bark or tree chip mulch to slow evaporation and prevent the soil from baking. Tree chip mulch is a way to recycle tree debris. Shredded bark is good on slopes as it doesn’t sink as low as bark chips. Avoid “gorilla hair” which can form a mat that water and air have difficulty penetrating.

Compost – Using compost as a compost for new and established plants, and in some soils as a soil amendment, will improve the water holding capacity of the soils over time. Compost can be mixed with bark or tree shavings as compost.

Question: Is Drip Irrigation Better Than Sprinkling?

Drip irrigation was originally developed for row crops, which are mostly annuals, then became popular for garden plantings. Despite its popularity, it does have some drawbacks, and every homeowner or property manager must make informed decisions when planning a landscaping installation.


  • Easy and relatively inexpensive to install. Often times, no trenches are needed as the polyethylene pipe is placed in the ground, under the mulch.
  • Requires less training for workers to learn installation
  • Reduces evaporation when the system is in operation, without spraying or fogging to evaporate
  • For widely spaced plants, save water as the emitters are placed right on the root ball of the plant.
  • Easy to repair.


  • Brittle and easy to break. Often times, the problem is not seen until the plant withers.
  • Some plants do better with spraying on their leaves.
  • In heavy soils, it can cause the roots to rot due to settling in the water, as all the water is concentrated in the root ball. Some native CA experts are particularly susceptible.
  • As shrubs and trees grow, it is necessary to change the position and number of emitters, but this is rarely done. A 10-year-old tree with emitters right at the trunk is not being helped by the drip system and may be damaged.

A conventional spray system is more expensive and will not be as efficient, but it will be stronger, require less maintenance, and require less renovation as the landscape matures. Using bubblers in small areas is also a good option. There is no perfect system.

Question: What is xeriscape?

Xeriscape is a term for low water use gardens and landscapes, also called drought tolerant landscapes (“xeric” means “dry”, from the Greek word “xeros”). (It is sometimes misunderstood as “zeroscape”). trees, shrubs, and groundcover plants that can thrive with much less water than the typical lawn and azalea type of layout, which is a style well suited for rainy climates but not much of California with its dry period of 6 months each year, or southwestern US. In California, many public agencies rely on the WUCOLS (Water Use Classification of Landscape Species) database to classify ornamental plants by high, medium, and low water use .

While there is a stereotype of xeriscape as limited to cacti and succulents, or limited to plants that look scruffy and unkempt, this is not true. Aside from the California natives, there are many useful plants from similar climates such as Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and the Mediterranean countries. While some California natives respond to drought stress by staying dormant or semi-dormant in the summer, many will still look good with watering once or twice a month. As with any plantation design, attention to soil, exposure, slope, maintenance requirements, and the art of combining plant species will go a long way toward creating a successful low-water landscape.

Question: what is the California state WELO?

The California State Legislature updated its landscaping water conservation law by passing the WELO (Water Efficient Landscaping Ordinance), effective January 2010. All new and renovated plantings that exceed certain square footage must comply with the water conservation requirements of the law. This is a model ordinance: cities and counties can adopt strict rules, but not less strict rules.

The following projects are subject to the new law (there are some exceptions, but this covers most projects):

(1) New construction and rehabilitated landscapes for public agency projects and private development projects with a landscape area equal to or greater than 2,500 square feet that require a construction or landscape permit, plan verification, or design review;

(2) Developer-installed new construction and rehabilitated landscaping on single-family and multi-family projects with a landscape area equal to or greater than 2,500 square feet that require a building or landscape permit, plan verification, or design review;

(3) New construction landscaping that is provided by the owner and / or contracted by the owner on single-family and multi-family residential projects with a total project landscape area equal to or greater than 5,000 square feet requiring a building or landscaping permit, plan verification or design review

Please note that square footage refers to planted areas and does not include harsh landscaping.

The law sets the requirements for what should be included in the grading, irrigation and planting plans (the entire ordinance is 41 pages!) But more important is the required calculation of MAWA (Maximum Applied Water Allowance, in gallons per year) and ETWU (Estimated Total Water Use), and ETWU must be less than MAWA. The plant factors for these calculations should be obtained from the WUCOLS document (Water Use Classification of Landscape Species).

Also noteworthy in law: sprinkler irrigation is not allowed in areas less than 8 feet wide. Irrigation clocks should be connected to soil moisture sensors or Et (evapotranspiration) sensors, as well as appropriate rain, frost and wind sensors. Many manufacturers sell subscription services that download weather information to the controller or independent weather sensors that measure solar gain and rainfall on site.

Make Your Beauty Business Survive Through a Recession

With today’s economic challenges, everyone is saving money and cutting money. The first to be cut from the spending budget are nail technicians, cosmetologists, personal trainers, massage therapists and stylists, to name a few. Often times when these services are cut, it is because people do not see the value of maintaining these services when money is a little “tight.”

Now, more than ever, is the time to improve your marketing! Just because it’s a recession doesn’t mean your services aren’t needed! People are looking for ways to feel good, perk up, and escape the headaches that a recession can bring. Also, people are looking for work and want to look good when they go to an interview! Help your business survive by maintaining a high level of quality service that has value and is worth every penny from your customers!

Create value by being different and giving your client an experience when they come to see you. Make your living room a place to get away from it all, be pampered, relax and unwind, for example. Serve them a drink and / or some fruit. Give a spa-like hand treatment with a hot towel, give a spa foot massage, or give a 5-minute shoulder / neck message with your regular service. Delivering your services and giving clients more than they bargained for is a great way to create value and value.

To keep current customers coming back, establish customer loyalty programs. Reward continued service with free gifts and discounts. Customer loyalty programs, such as punch cards, which give the 10th visit for free or at a deep discount, are a great way to say “Thank you” to a customer for their business. The idea is to make it easier for them to continue seeing it and to “pay” for the services they like. Always ask for referrals and make it worth your time to refer someone by offering them a free service, a discount, or a gift when they bring you new business.

If you’re not busy, use your downtime to call past customers you haven’t seen in a while and invite them back to their favorite service at a discount. Email your customer list with your “weekly specials” announcement to entice them to participate. You will soon see that your efforts pay off when people start pouring in from your phone calls and emails. Just this little effort is all it takes to get people to see you!

When you go out, talk to the people you come in contact with about your salon and offer a free mini service to everyone you talk to. Try to get as many people as possible through the door. Once they’re in, don’t forget to book the next appointment and make them a paying customer.

Whether you work in a salon, nail salon, or spa, use these tips to stay focused and motivated. Yes, your business can survive a recession! Being a little proactive will help you and your business get through these tough economic times!

Much success!

Keep Your Home Safe During Spring Break

Keep your home safe during spring break, everyone looks forward to spring and to escape, whether it be for a long Easter weekend with the extended family or to go somewhere warm while the kids have their spring break from the school. There are some steps to take before you go on vacation that can help keep your home safe while you are away.

The first thing is to take a look around the house at every door and window, as things can change during cold weather. Do they all close and lock correctly? If not, they need to be repaired so that they close smoothly, lock properly, and lock. Assuming there is a home security system, and if there isn’t, then one needs to be installed, battery backup tested and verified. This will ensure that the system works properly. Are shrubs trimmed so that they do not create hiding places near the house, if not trimmed, usually in most climates they are still trimmed from fall with little or no growth?

One of the important things to do for home safety when planning a spring break is hold the mail and stop the newspaper. Having them stacked will alert any criminal passing by the residence that no one is home and that they have all the time they need to break in. The only thing that can deter is the home security system. If it’s a long weekend when the family is out, a neighbor, friend, or extended family member can pick up the mail and newspapers.

Make it appear that someone is home, use timers on lights, television or radio, because the sound and light make it seem that the family is at home and that is not attractive to the person who wants to steal possessions from the house. home. They like to break in when no one is home, so they run around completely without anyone seeing what they look like.

Once these things are in place, it is possible for the family to go on vacation without worrying about a theft. Additionally, the home security system will continue to monitor smoke and fire, making the home completely safe and so are family possessions. These are steps that should be taken any time of year the family plans a trip, be it a long weekend or a week’s vacation. When the home security system includes cameras, which are outdoor or indoor, it is possible to use a laptop, cell phone or PDA to see what the cameras have to show and this can be reassuring, making it possible to have a vacation without worries. Safety for the family is important, when they are at home and when they are away, because at any time, if someone has been in the house to rob, the feeling of safety of the family is taken away. Once that is gone, family members may never feel safe in the house again, knowing that a stranger has been there.

Using Craigslist to Rent an Apartment: Questions to Ask

The online classifieds website,, hosts many posts and advertisements. Although most are for items you can buy or trade in, you will also find apartments for rent. Before agreeing to rent an apartment from someone you met on Craigslist, there are some important questions to ask. What are they?

Question: What is the monthly rent?

It is important to ask this question even if the landlord describes the monthly rent on Craigslist. Why? Because they can try to change the price. Also, some owners have several properties and apartments for rent. Don’t let a simple mistake cost you more money in rent. Ask before scheduling a showing and then ask again before signing your official lease.

Question: Other than the first month’s rent, what else do I have to pay?

This question is important because it will let you know if you can really afford the apartment in question. It is not uncommon for a landlord to ask a new tenant for a security deposit and the first month’s rent in advance. Others even request the last month’s rent as well. If you are on a tight budget, this may not be possible.

Question: What kind of personal information do you need from me?

This question not only allows you to be prepared when meeting with the landlord or signing the lease, but it can also alert you to a scam. Many landlords like to do background checks on new tenants; however, some scammers have used this as an opportunity to obtain social security numbers. Don’t decline the background check if you really want the apartment, but see if your background check can be done without your social security number or if you can apply for it yourself.

Question: Can I see the apartment?

The answer to this question must always be yes. You should never agree to rent an apartment or sign a lease without seeing it first. Make sure the apartment is as described. This question can also alert you to potential apartment rental scams on Craigslist. As noted above, some scammers will pose as landlords and claim that they need your social security number, bank account information, or credit card number. They will be totally against a demo because they don’t have an apartment to show; they invented it.

The questions mentioned above are just a few of the many you will want to ask a property owner before agreeing to rent an apartment that you found on Craigslist. You should ask these questions before scheduling a visit to save time, money, and hassle.