Adopting a teenage Shih Tzu: advantages and disadvantages

A dog is considered an adolescent (adolescent) between the ages of 9 to 18 months. Most people tend to adopt puppies when they are in the market for a dog, but they are those who would like a dog that is neither too young nor too old. Therefore, the best option for these people is an adolescent dog. However, there are some advantages and disadvantages to having a teenage dog over a puppy or older dog. If you are bringing a teenage Shih Tzu into your home, here are some things to consider:

1) The adolescent Shih Tzu can get a bit challenging, but it doesn’t last long

As your dog grows, around the age of 2, he should become gentle, sweet, and calm, as well as put aside his defiant ways. This is like when you are a kid who matures into your 20s!

2) Teen dogs need training just like puppies, but they learn much faster

A teenager may challenge you at first, but in the end all the training will pay off. Unlike puppies, adolescent dogs have better concentration. Also, if you are adopting a teenage dog, it has likely already been trained by its previous owner.

3) The adolescent Shih Tzu may have already been trained by its previous owner

It all depends on the dog’s past, but in most situations it has gone through some kind of training. You may need to do some training in case you need to jog the dog’s memory.

4) Teenage dogs bond with their owners much faster

This breed adapts well to new situations and they love being around people, therefore there should be no problem with your dog loving you and adores you from the start. It may even seem that they have known each other forever.

5) Teen dogs need a lot of grooming

During adolescence, dogs tend to shed their fur so that the adult coat can enter. Therefore, the coat needs a lot of maintenance. Be prepared for tough, high-maintenance grooming sessions. You can groom the dog yourself or you can have a professional do it for you.

Keep in mind that this is a very high maintenance breed and if you can’t put the time, money, and energy into caring for them, you’d better get another breed that is not as desirable. This breed can develop serious health problems if not cared for properly.

Fit dogs vs. unfit dogs or why some dogs obey better than others

Dogs are instinctively hunters and scavengers, some are given more than others. Even today, the genes of certain breeds scream incessantly from the adrenaline rush of the stimulation of the chase and the thrill of the victory of their hunt. Nature provided them with that extraordinary impulse to continue to exist.

Low-prey dogs are quite content to sit on your lap or at your feet with the remote close by. Through thousands of years of human companionship, that instinct and drive for excitement and survival has been diluted. They usually get along well with the other animals in the house. For them, the sound of a can opener is music to their ears and far less tiring than chasing after a meal every day.

However, there are those dogs with phenomenally high prey drives that nothing more than a good chase will alleviate. They are the epitome of the canine hunter / provider. Humans have to take some responsibility for this behavior. In several cases, to transform the animal to our needs, we have encouraged and rewarded that drive and that behavior.

The term drive means something that your dog finds inherently rewarding and does not need you to provide it. It is a natural impulse for a Beagle to stick its nose to the ground and follow it. You don’t need to be persuaded to track or chase. It is difficult to train them to remember them, because the chase and the hunt are their final reward.

Australian Shepherds and Border Collies have an innate drive for herding and control, but are generally fit for training and rewards. This makes them easy to train. They indulge us by conforming, but retain a degree of intelligent disobedience, just in case they need it.

Biddable vs. Not tame is the way dogs respond to their inherent instincts and urges, as well as their willingness to interact with their owners or handlers.

A dog or breed that is considered docile is one that, as a rule, has a great need for human companionship and leadership. They are obedient and submissive to their human leader. This disposition and desire to please make them easy to train and control. A compliment, a ball, or a treat is your highest reward. They are also quite liberal in the forgiveness department.

A dog or breed that requires less human companionship and leadership is considered a breed that cannot be tendered. They are less forgiving and more emotionally distant, independent, and self-directed. Pleasing your owner / manager is not your priority. Personal reward is your goal. This makes them more difficult to train and control.

Low Prey Drive / Low Biddable

Here we have a dog who does not like to chase very much, but is not that excited to be told what to do. In this group you will find many of the companion, guardian and shepherd breeds, such as the Great Pyrenees, Bernese and the Great Swiss Mountain dogs. They prefer to think for themselves, but will nod politely when asked. For them, it is “fine, if you insist”. They are moderately easy to train, but hate to admit it.

Low Prey Drive / High Biddable

The ideal pet for the inexperienced or average dog owner is one with a low prey drive and one high in the supply department. Collies and Old English Sheepdogs fit into this group. Their need to please their persona makes them easy to train and far outweighs their desire to pursue anything. They, as a rule, play well with others, be they animals or humans. This is the perfect dog for someone with minimal experience with dog ownership, or someone who has little time or desire to work and train their pet. Almost by nature, they are incredible service and therapy dogs. Here’s the dog that just raises its paws and says, “Anything that makes you happy makes me happy too!”

High dam / high supply

In this group it is composed mainly of pastoral breeds, workers and some sports. Here you will usually find German and Australian Shepherds, Doberman Pinschers, Golden and Labrador Retrievers. These are breeds that have an incredible natural work ethic. They are the dogs that thrive on a combination of humane companionship, high bidding ability, but maintain clever enough disobedience to keep you on your toes. They require intense physical and mental stimulation, as well as fair, firm, and consistent leadership. To their credit, they are forgiving when their owner or handler makes a mistake! They love to learn and interact with their humans and other animals. The dogs in this group are noted for teamwork and confidence. In some cases, that bond and teamwork can make the difference between life and death. They are fierce competitors and workers in herding, traction, agility, flyball, search and rescue, security, body detection, drugs and bombs. They are wonderful pets for people who have the time and energy to invest in making their pet’s natural passion, as well as a willingness to please, develop to its fullest potential. “Did you see me? Do you want to see me do it again?” it’s how these dogs think.

High Dam Unit / Low Supply

Here are the challengers! You can also be talking to yourself. Terriers, Corgis, sight, sound and smell hounds usually group this group. They enjoy human company, to the limit. They pick and choose who or what they want to listen to or play with … and it’s usually not the family cat or even another dog in the house. They are unwavering believers in the “You are not my boss!” philosophy. They are generally smart, but they can be frustratingly difficult to train. They believe that the older they get, the dumber we become. High self esteem is not a problem for this dog! When they are at work, they have exceptionally selective hearing. Ask any Beagle, Corgi, West Highland Terrier, Yorkshire Terrier, Jack Russell or Rat Terrier owner … they will be more than excited to tell countless stories about the hours they have spent driving, on a leash in one hand, calling their Adored dog that has selective hearing. A dog with high prey drive / low bargain price is not one for an inexperienced or tame owner. This dog needs fair, firm and consistent leadership at all times. They need to be regularly reminded of who the boss is. One look in their eyes tells you that they are thinking, “Whatever!”

Bottom line: To find out which dog is right for you, seriously consider the level of your instincts, your prey drive, and your ability to push vs. Non-biddable qualities. It will make a big difference in compatibility with your pet.

When you have a puppy, make sure you meet its parents. That will give you a good pointer for the future. From their parents, you will have a fair assessment of a puppy’s drive, instincts, and how docile they will be.

Mixed breeds with a combination of what you are looking for can be a great option. Pooches are often the best pets!

Rottweiler dogs are brave and totally fearless

This dog may be the only dog ​​that has been loved and hated in equal measure throughout the world. Rottweiler breed dogs are loved for their extreme loyalty and protection towards their owners and all their property, but to such a degree that they are known to attack even if the domestic cat is in danger.

Rottweiler dogs are truly beautiful with their deep and silent intelligent eyes fixed on you trying to understand what you want from them by telepathy. These dogs tend to act extremely calm and it is very difficult to anger them. In reality, they attack only as a last resort and only when they feel that your property is in direct danger. Due to their qualities such as courage, reliability and lack of fear, they are used as rescue dogs and do their job without backing down from what happens.

A purebred Rottweiler has an exceptionally good nature and you will not find this dog growling and attacking for no reason, nor will you see him bark in vain. They don’t actually bark at people, they bark when disturbed by, say, noise, too much commotion, and any other similar irritant. They can transform in the blink of an eye from an indulgent pet to a terrifying beast if danger threatens their property. But they will not bite if it is not strictly necessary. This proves that his bad reputation is not well founded.

Working means happy dogs

The Rottweiler loves to be useful and thrives when put to work and you will find that he has an exceptionally cheerful nature, although he will maintain his self-respect in all circumstances. This breed needs to know that you are in charge, so it is important that the owner be able to physically control it. Rottweilers are pack dogs of origin and will always obey the pecking order.

You need to consider all aspects before buying such a dog. You must teach him the rules and constantly remember them for two years. In case you can’t give this dog your full attention during these two years, this dog is definitely not for you. Training is easy but should be constant until the dog is mature. They are dogs that will always test how far they can go and any behavioral discrepancies must be firmly checked when they occur.

Rottweiler puppies have a bad habit of chewing everything they can and are extremely excitable, capable of destroying your house in one day. They also bite hard and are not welcome with children. After hundreds of years of parenting, their fighting instincts and aggressiveness seemed forgotten, but if you encourage them to play mock fighting, tug of war, and other aggressive games, these instincts will emerge.

Nowadays, having a purebred Rottweiler dog means having an excellent companion with a very balanced temperament, and not a ferocious and mindless beast. You must understand that this dog is very territorial and protective of its territory, it has its own personality and is totally intrepid. If you don’t understand it well, you won’t be able to control it and someone could get hurt.

The physical appearance of the Rottweiler is very impressive: so graceful, but so powerful at the same time. And these characteristics and temperamental traits complete the picture of a wonderful companion.

5 factors to consider before having a Siberian husky

Did you see that Siberian Husky puppy in the shop window? Those bright blue eyes and furry coat that make him the cutest thing you’ve ever seen. Don’t you want to take her home?

Siberian Huskies are some of the most enjoyable pets you can ever have. But there are 5 main factors that you MUST be careful with before choosing to have one. Huskies are some of the most majestic and beautiful dogs in the world, but at the same time they come with a very peculiar set of characteristics and behaviors that can drive the owner crazy.

After reading the following list, you can decide for yourself if the “sibe” is right for you. But as any seasoned homeowner will tell you … once you own a sibe, you will ALWAYS own a sibe!

So let’s start the list:

1. Shedding a mountain of hair

Siberian Huskies shed very little fur practically throughout the year; while at the same time being kept very clean like a cat would, thus requiring infrequent baths. But what matters is that Huskies shed ALL of their fur twice a year for a period of 3 weeks each time.

These dogs have a short undercoat and a longer undercoat, and it is this undercoat that they shed in one go. You can expect to sit with your dog, comb in hand, for an hour while you remove the strands of hair at once. The amount of hair they shed will be enough to make you an extra cushion.

2. Propensity to escape and RUN

Siberian Huskies are very intelligent and have a mischievous personality. They will take every opportunity to escape to go exploring and discovering. Huskies have been known to open doorknobs, dig under fences, and climb gates to escape. But the biggest issue to be aware of is that a Husky has the propensity to RUN. Whenever you are outside, a Husky should NOT be removed from your leash. Championship-trained Huskies have even been known to sneak out the door. This makes the Siberian husky one of the most frequently lost dogs in the world, which unfortunately makes them a common sight in rescue centers.

3. Predatory instincts

Siberian Huskies have an ancestry from dogs that survived using their hunting skills in the Siberian environment. To this day, these dogs are born with a predatory instinct that causes them to chase and hunt small animals such as rabbits, birds, squirrels, and even CATS. Does this mean that your Husky can’t get along with your cat? If he can. As long as the Husky is bought from an early age among smaller animals like your cat, your Husky will learn to accept the animal as “part of the family”. In fact, your Siberian husky can treat your pet indoors like part of the family, while chasing other birds in the backyard.

4. Digging up your garden

Back in the day when Siberian huskies used to live in freezing temperatures in Siberia, they survived by digging long enough to snuggle indoors and protect themselves from harsh weather outside.

This ancestry has given the modern Husky the tendency to dig, dig, and DIG! If you have a well-kept backyard garden, don’t expect it to be recognizable later if you let a Siberian Husky roam free. Your potted plants are also unsafe, and neither are small plants or shrubs. Some Husky owners choose to provide their dogs with a patch of dirt as a “digging area” in the backyard, while also putting up fences underground to prevent their dogs from escaping.

5. Destructive when bored

Siberian Huskies are highly intelligent and social animals, making them the most pleasant and cheerful family pets. The flip side is that due to their need to socialize, these dogs are prone to boredom, especially if left alone. When a lonely husky gets bored, you can expect his furniture to become the target of some “husky treat.” Siberian Huskies have been known to damage furniture, walls, carpets, and anything else when left alone.

When left indoors by themselves, a Siberian should be temporarily contained in a suitable dog crate to ensure the safety of the dog itself, as well as the safety of your home and furniture.

There you have it! The 5 factors that you MUST take into account before becoming a Siberian Husky owner. If you are considering owning a Husky, it is recommended that you first learn all you can about the species before making the purchase.

Train your dog to stop chewing on the leash

There can be a number of different reasons why a dog chews on your leash. Most of those reasons are due to the dog resisting you and your control or simply wanting to play. No matter what it is, it is annoying and you must stop if you want to train your dog to walk well on a leash.

The methods I discuss below try to make the leash taste bad, so that it is undesirable for your dog to have it in his mouth. Of course, keep in mind that patience is important when breaking this habit.

If your dog has already started this annoying habit, you will need to modify his behavior to eliminate the problem. The first method I always suggest is to soak the lower 18 inches of the strap with bitter apple. Bitter apple is a spray that is available in all pet stores and will deter your dog from its bad taste.

If that doesn’t work, I suggest you soak the bottom 18 inches of the strap with lemon juice. It seems that most dogs do not like the taste and will stop putting the leash in their mouth to avoid the taste.

Of course, there is always a tough dog who doesn’t seem to mind bitter apple or lemon juice, so we move on to my third option, which is spicy. Yes, you want to buy a hot sauce like tabasco, cholula, or any other hot sauce that comes in a bottle and is available at all grocery stores, usually where they have Mexican foods and spices.

One way to avoid this problem entirely is to start training your dog to tolerate the leash and enjoy early walks while still a young puppy. It seems that the longer you wait to insert the strap, the worse the problem will be.

There is no better way to establish a good pack leader attitude for your dog than to go for a walk. Taking the time to teach your dog to walk nicely beside you and not nibble or pull on the leash is something that will pay off with plenty of enjoyable walks. Taking your dog for a walk builds the master’s relationship and is something your dog will thank you many times over over the years.

Face ID on iPhone X: What do iOS app developers need to know?

Apple announced an expensive new edition of its popular smartphone, iPhone X, in September. Subsequently, the company made the iPhone X available in more than 55 countries and territories. In addition to featuring an edge-to-edge OLED display, the iPhone X also comes with a host of out-of-the-box features to challenge the dominance of the Android platform.

At the same time, the special iPhone model also comes with a unique facial recognition system – Face ID. Face ID allows users to use their face as if they were conventional passwords. The face scan system allows the user to unlock their iPhone X simply by looking at the smartphone with their eyes open. You can even use Face ID to keep the data stored on your iPhone X safe and make mobile payments.

However, Face ID on the iPhone X takes advantage of another robust hardware feature included in the smartphone: the TrueDepth camera. Many analysts believe that Apple will soon make the innovative facial scanning system available to other iPhone and iPad models. Therefore, iOS developers need to understand important aspects of Face ID on iPhone X to meet the emerging trend of mobile application development.

Important aspects of Face ID on iPhone X that every iOS application developer should know

Replace Touch ID on iPhone X

Touch ID was an integral part of various iPhone models. The authentication system allows users to unlock their smartphones simply by placing their fingers on the sensor. A user can even use Touch ID to perform various financial transactions and mobile payments. The iPhone X is designed with Face ID instead of Touch ID. Unlike Touch ID, Face ID does not require users to touch their smartphones. A user can take advantage of Face ID to unlock their device simply by looking at the screen. At the same time, iOS app developers can take advantage of the new facial recognition system by simply replacing the Touch ID code with the Face ID code.

Does not make access codes obsolete

Despite replacing Touch ID on iPhone X, Face ID has yet to replace passwords entirely. Apple recommends iPhone X users to use passwords while restarting the device, the device has been unlocked for more than 48 hours, and the user has attempted an incorrect face match five times. Also, a user must use a passcode to make their iPhone X accessible to friends and family.

Authenticates through TrueDepth camera

Face ID authenticates users through another new feature provided by iPhone X: the TrueDepth camera system. The advanced camera system captures all the characteristics of a user’s face through depth mapping. Additionally, TrueDepth creates a unique face map by capturing over 30,000 invisible dots projected onto a user’s face. Every time a user unlocks their iPhone X, TrueDepth Camera reads the dot patterns through an infrared camera and captures an infrared image. It then sends the infrared image to the Secure Enclave on the A11 Bionic chip. Once the authenticity of the infrared image is confirmed, the iPhone is unlocked.

Use machine learning

The appearance of a user may differ from time to time. Face ID uses machine learning algorithms to recognize changes in a user’s appearance. Therefore, a user can unlock their iPhone X regardless of its current appearance. You can take advantage of Face ID on the iPhone X to unlock and authenticate despite wearing a hat, putting on glasses, and growing a beard. TrueDepth Camera also uses a flood illuminator to identify a user’s face through invisible infrared light when there is inadequate light.

Prevent unauthorized access to devices

Despite identifying different appearances of the same user, Face ID on iPhone X still does not allow other people to unlock the smartphone. When unlocking the iPhone X, the user must keep their eyes open. If the user’s eyes are closed, the iPhone X will remain unlocked. The feature makes it difficult for unauthorized users to unlock the mobile device when the original user is sleeping or away. However, Face ID on iPhone X lacks the ability to identify identical twins. A user has to use a passcode additionally to prevent his iPhone X from being inaccessible to the twin.

No option to register multiple users

Apple further enhances the security of iPhone X by allowing each user to register only one face. Neither user has the option to register multiple faces. Therefore, only one user can unlock and authenticate through Face ID. However, a user can still make their iPhone X accessible to multiple users by sharing their password. Multiple users can access the same iPhone X by authenticating through a passcode instead of Face ID.


In addition to keeping iPhone X safe, Face ID also improves the user experience when performing some basic tasks. The mindful nature of the facial recognition system allows users to perform basic tasks simply by looking at the iPhone X. For example, a user can take advantage of Face ID to check messages and notifications, reduce the volume of the alarm or ringtone, and hold screen on while reading.

Mobile payment facilities

In addition to improving the security of the iPhone X, Face ID will also facilitate mobile payment. It will work seamlessly with Apple Pay. Additionally, a user can take advantage of Face ID on the iPhone X while shopping at physical stores and restaurants that support Touch ID payment. Additionally, applications that support Touch ID will allow users to take advantage of Face ID. Developers can make their existing iOS applications Face ID compatible by replacing the Touch ID code with the Face ID code. However, many banks and financial institutions do not yet fully support Face ID.

Security and privacy issues

Apple implements several security mechanisms to keep facial scanning private and secure. After scanning a user’s face, the TrueDepth camera system stored the information directly on the A11 Bionic chip. Also, Apple does not transfer the information to its server or cloud. Therefore, the information from the facial scan remains only on the iPhone X. Apple also uses the facial recognition system as a robust security tool to keep user data inaccessible and prevent unauthorized access. A hacker in Vietnam recently claimed to have broken Face ID by creating a complex face mask. But several security experts believe that Apple has to make several changes to Face ID on the iPhone X for it to be an effective security measure.

Overall, Face ID on iPhone X transforms iOS app development by replacing Touch ID. But iOS app developers should remember that the facial recognition system is currently only used by one iPhone model. Apple will make Face ID available on the next iPhone and iPad versions gradually. Therefore, developers should explore ways to make their existing iOS applications compatible with Face ID. Also, they must embrace the emerging trends in iOS app development to make their mobile app relevant and popular for a longer period of time.

Goldendoodles – Dangers and Pleasures – Things to Consider Before You Buy

Goldendoodles – the most wonderful pets you could hope for. Unless, of course, they jump on you and knock you down. Or they chew on an electrical cord. Or you are allergic and the endless shedding bothers you.

I’ve had my goldendoodles for three years, and (like kids) the pleasures outweigh the annoyances, at least most of the time.

The reason I bought goldendoodles to begin with was their (supposed) hypoallergenic, non-shedding state. While for me the allergy claim has been true, other members of my family start sneezing and itching around it. When it comes to shedding, my dogs must be lacking the right kind of poodle genes. Hair is everywhere, all the time. My kids now understand the purpose of the lint rollers.

As for friendliness, goldendoodles can’t be beat. My dogs have never met a human or canine that they did not love. This is not a good watchdog, but they could at least lick an intruder to death.

Goldendoodles are certainly chewers, at least for the first few years. Mine chose to chew on my door frames (when I wasn’t looking). They are mischievous puppies and cannot be trusted to be left unattended for long periods. I think it would probably be easier if it just had a squiggle. Like little children, mine goad each other in their antics. We have two because I go to work long hours and they keep company. I say “we” because they really belong to my children …

I’ve never known my dogs to bite anyone, but my hand got caught with a tooth when they were puppies, and the two dogs play roughly with each other at times. Even dogs that don’t bite can accidentally bite if you put your hand where it shouldn’t be.

The biggest danger my dogs pose is that I haven’t trained them (yet) not to jump on people. This is not good for animals that weigh between 50 and 80 pounds. They could easily knock over a child or an elderly person. One of my dogs is naturally a jumper. Jump into the air with joy at the prospect of seeing an old friend or a new acquaintance. I hope this changes as she gets older, although training her is probably the best answer. This same dog loves to swim and loves to dive into a pool. However, it is better to avoid a jumping dog than swimming, especially around young children. Dogs have no idea that their claws can cause damage while swimming, and instinct demands that they keep their legs moving.

If you’re looking for a dog to sleep with, a goldendoodle will jump at the chance (if you can handle it). If that’s your plan, I suggest you groom and wash your goldendoodle regularly. Long hair (up to 8 inches) collects all kinds of debris that you won’t want in your bed.

My son wanted a lap dog. That’s what we have, an 80 pound lap dog. For companionship, goldendoodles make wonderful friends. They will get all the love and attention you can give, and still be ready for more.

We all learn from experience and I advise you to spend more time than I do training your dog. Indulgence results in jumping, licking, chewing, furry monsters … but I love them anyway.

Copyright 2010 Cynthia J. Koelker, MD

Pediatric spay and neuter: the basics

If you have recently adopted a new puppy or kitten, you may have been presented with the option of “pediatric spay / neuter surgery” and you may not be familiar with the process, or even not comfortable with the concept. . We’ve all gotten used to the standard 6-9 month standard for spaying or neutering, and the idea of ​​operating on a small animal, just 4-6 weeks old, sounds quite experimental, possibly ineffective, and even dangerous.

Here are some facts about spay / neuter procedures at a young age: In the 1940s and 1950s, veterinarians had much more primitive anesthetics, equipment, and tools. Anesthetics weren’t always safe, especially for young animals, and the sophisticated surgical instruments that veterinarians use today to find a tiny uterus didn’t even exist yet. Since the uterus is larger and easier to find after an estrus, or after having a litter, the advice that veterinarians of the past often gave was to wait until after the first estrus or after the animal had had a litter. litter. Waiting facilitated the procedure for them.

For many years, animal shelters and humane organizations have had policies that require new pet owners to have the animal neutered “ as soon as possible, ” but realistically, there has never been a way to enforce this requirement and too many animals have left the shelter. unsterilized, only to end up contributing to our already overwhelming pet overpopulation problem, despite the shelter’s good intentions.

From the point of view of effective control of pet populations, the best time to sterilize dogs and cats, the optimal time, is before puberty, eliminating some possibility of the animal producing offspring. It is important to remember that the leading cause of death in companion animals is homelessness due to overcrowding.

The arguments in favor of spaying / neutering at an early age:

* Overcrowding and resulting neglect, suffering and euthanasia – Spaying / neutering at a young age completely eliminates the possibility of unwanted litters.

* Avoid heat cycles entirely: unwanted “visitors” fighting on the lawn, females howling and howling.

* Neutered males are less likely to roam and fight, thus avoiding injury, spread of disease, and costly veterinary expenses. It has been estimated that 80% of dogs killed by cars and 80% of feline AIDS cases are unneutered males.

* Better-behaved pets: Neutered pets rarely mark, roam, and fight. 85% of bites involve unneutered dogs.

* Healthier pets: Neutered males do not have the testicular cancer and prostate problems that are common in intact dogs. Sows spayed before their first heat cycle have 96% less breast cancer. Your risk of uterine infection is drastically reduced, not to mention the many complications associated with pregnancy, childbirth, or raising a litter.

* It is safe: the mortality rate is lower than that of the standard sterilization procedure of 6 to 9 months.

* It is less traumatic for the pet: young animals heal faster and have fewer surgical risks than older animals that may be obese, in heat, pregnant or sick. Young animals generally wake up faster after anesthesia.

Many humanitarian shelters across the country now support spaying and neutering at the time of adoption. If yours didn’t, ask your vet to do a pediatric or early spay / neuter (also called juvenile spay / neuter) on your new pet. They should be able to address any questions or concerns you may have. For more information, you can also visit

Every day 10,000 humans are born in the United States, while each day 70,000 puppies and kittens are born. As long as these birth rates exist, there will never be enough homes for all the animals. Early spay / neuter is one of the easiest and most obvious solutions to the problem.


1. “A Case for Neutering Puppies and Kittens at Two Months of Age” by Leo L. Lieberman DVM, a special comment in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Volume 191.

2. “Early spaying and neutering helps solve the overpopulation problem” by Greg A. Lewis DVM, in Veterinary Forum.

3. “Should dogs be neutered early in animal shelters?” a peer-reviewed article by Walter E. Crenshaw DVM and Craig N. Carter MS, DVM, PhD, Dipl. ACVPM in Veterinary Medicine.

Top 3 Reasons Cats Make Better Pets Than Dogs

It can be a difficult decision to choose between a cat and a dog as a pet. They are both furry and cuddly, yet they are two very different creatures. Cats have adorable traits such as the way they care for themselves, how they manage to stay clean, and their cute antics that make them a wonderful family pet.

Cats don’t take up much space

People who have a golden retriever or even a small dog as a pet are familiar with the amount of space they take up in the bed. No matter what their size is, they love to stretch out in each other’s personal space, the room where they play and exercise, and their belongings (such as the dog bed / toys), therefore they must have a spacious place to be happy and healthy.

On the other hand, cats don’t need a lot of space to survive. It should be enough to accommodate your essentials such as litter boxes (one box for each cat and one extra) plus food and water bowls, all of which will ensure kitty happiness.

It is more affordable to have a cat.

During their life, caring for cats is less expensive than for dogs. There are some cat breeds that are quite expensive, but when it comes to adoption fees, kittens and cats are much more affordable than puppies or dogs, especially during kitten seasons or when there are a lot of kittens in the shelter. There are shelters that waive their fees or offer two kittens for the price of one.

There are many expenses to consider when having a pet, including supplies and caretakers, among others. Since dogs tend to damage their toys, the materials they are made from must be harder (which is much more expensive) or must be replaced from time to time. Cat toys are comparatively cheap when bought in stores, but cheaper (as well as easy) to DIY.

Dogs need a lot of exercise, as this is crucial to their health, however, walking the dog two or three times a day can be difficult when its owner has a full-time job. On average, a dog walker costs between $ 15 and $ 20 for every 20 minutes of walking, and now that I think about it, the costs can add up right away. In contrast, cats are easily content to nap, rest, and play even when they are home alone while their human parent is at work. Two kittens alone are even better, as they will never get bored.

Cats are easy to control when indoors.

To stay happy and healthy, dogs need plenty of exercise, long walks, and lots of time outdoors. It is almost impossible for them to live solely indoors. However, this can be a challenge when dog owners have limited mobility, do not have a yard, or their home is not accessible to parks.

Cats are much safer when they stay indoors and are easily content when they lie down by a window or snuggle up on the sunny part of the couch. The window only needs to be opened a little to let in some fresh air (but not too much for the cat to escape). This will allow the cats to be very happy while observing birds and critters throughout the day.

Can your puppy learn to use a litter box?

House training your puppy is one of the most important things you will teach him. There are several different ways to teach your puppy about house training. Some owners are interested in teaching their puppy to use a litter box. it’s possible? Absolutely!

Most puppies can be taught to use a litter box. It is very similar to teaching a cat to use a litter box, although puppies do not use it as instinctively as cats. If you have a toy dog ​​especially, it can be helpful to teach your puppy how to use the crate, as he will remain small throughout his life. This means that the box will remain a convenient size for you to use even as an adult dog.

If you have a puppy that will grow into a medium-sized or large dog, you can still teach him to use litter, but it may not be very comfortable for him to use the box when he grows up. However, as you get older, you should be able to wait longer to relieve yourself. That should allow you plenty of time to get home from work, for example, so you can take him for a walk or let him out.

To teach your puppy to use a litter box, you will first need to get a large box. Usually it is best to get a large, simple rectangular box. Plastic is fine. For obvious reasons, you won’t want to get one of the fancier cat boxes with a hood or other gadgets, as your pup may have trouble fitting inside or may try to chew on it.

You can use normal cat litter in the litter box for your puppy. Many dog ​​breeders teach their puppies to use a litter box. They like to use a mixture of kitty litter, such as Fresh Step, and alfalfa pellets or pine shavings. Alfalfa granules are used both as rabbit food and as bedding, so your pup may try to eat some of them, but they won’t hurt. You will probably leave them alone after trying them a couple of times. Alfalfa granules are good because they are very absorbent and eliminate odor. Pine shavings are good because they are fluffy and also eliminate odor.

You should avoid using cedar shavings as litter box fillers, as they have an oil that can damage your pup’s eyes.

At first, you should put the litter box in a place where your puppy will surely find it. You can place it in a place where your puppy has already had an accident, for example. Be sure to place a bath mat or mat under the box to reduce the amount of litter your pup picks up or takes out of the box. Your pup will likely try digging in the box at first. It is a dog and dogs like to dig, so you should expect this at first.

Watch your puppy closely and when you see signs that he needs to go to the bathroom, you should take him (or pick him up) to the litter box. Put it back in the box if you try to leave. With good timing, your puppy should relieve himself in the crate. Make sure to praise him and give him a treat. Tell him what a good puppy he is. Keep doing this every time you see that your puppy needs to go to the bathroom.

If you are consistent in taking your puppy to the litter box every time he needs to go to the bathroom, then you will teach him to use the box very quickly.

Some puppies accept litter box training very quickly, but some puppies always prefer to go outside.

Keep the litter box clean. Pick up deposits quickly and change the sand frequently, especially the top layer. You can scrub the entire litter box with bleach and water as needed.