Is Severance Pay Common?

Severance Pay Common

Losing your job can be emotionally and financially devastating. For many, severance pay can help bridge the gap while they find a new position. Severance packages also often include other benefits, such as continuation of health insurance coverage or career consultation services (sometimes called “outplacement”). Some companies even offer to let you keep company equipment like a computer or cell phone. However, these benefits can come with strings attached. Before you accept a severance package, you should consider how it may affect your financial situation and speak with a Northwestern Mutual financial advisor.

In general, severance pay is based on the number of years you’ve worked for a company. The typical severance payout is one week of pay for every year of service. However, each company has its own policies and can vary in how they calculate severance payments.

Employers can choose to provide severance pay for employees being laid off, even though it’s not required by law. It’s a way for them to show that they value the loyalty of their workforce and want to ease the transition for those who are leaving the organization. It can also be a good way to boost morale among those who remain when the company is undergoing large-scale layoffs or other major changes.

The severance pay you receive can include other benefits as well, such as the option to continue paying for your health insurance, a payout of unused vacation or sick time and retirement savings contributions. Companies can also sometimes offer outplacement services or other perks, such as employee discounts or stock options. Some companies also provide a period of time during which they will not report your income to the IRS.

Is Severance Pay Common?

For executives and other senior-level employees, severance packages can be especially generous. This is partly because they usually have pre-existing agreements with their employers, and it’s more difficult to terminate these people voluntarily. It’s also because they often have more valuable information that the company wants to protect with non-disclosure or confidentiality agreements.

While providing how to get severance pay isn’t a legal requirement, it can help a company’s reputation when it goes through major changes. Laid-off workers who feel underappreciated or undercompensated are more likely to post negative reviews and updates on social media and job review websites. This can cost the company in terms of a lower reputation and higher salaries for new hires to offset the damage done to its brand.

If you’re being laid off as part of a large-scale layoff or other organizational change, your company may be required to give you 60 days notice under the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act. If that’s the case, you can count on your severance package to cover your salary for that period of time. You’ll also probably get a bonus, but you should be careful not to expect too much. In general, employment attorneys agree that you can expect a week’s worth of pay per year of service.

Lion, witch, wardrobe and gospel: Narnia as Christian allegory

the Chronicles of Narnia, a seven-volume saga for children by CS Lewis, reveals a world that exists parallel to our own, populated by men and women, dwarves and talking animals, giants and mermaids, centaurs and fauns, and ruled by a kind but incredibly ferocious gigantic lion named Aslan. Lewis, who died the same day as JFK, on ​​November 22, 1963, combined the three passions of his life – classical mythology, medieval lore and Christian philosophy – to create in Narnia a microcosm of the moral struggles facing our own world.

characters and plot
Along with Aslan himself, the heroes of the Narnia books are the four Pevensie children, Peter, Susan, Edmund and Lucy. Taken from their London home to avoid Nazi bombing raids, they are billeted with an elderly undergraduate professor in his rambling country mansion.

While playing hide-and-seek, Lucy, the youngest of 8 years old, hides in an old closet full of coat racks. Moving further back to escape detection, she pushes her way through the coats, expecting to crash into the back of the closet at any moment. Lucy, on the other hand, feels the branches of the evergreen trees, hears the crunch of the snow at her feet, and sees in the distance the glow of a street lamp like the ones she had seen many times in London.

This marks the beginning of the four brothers’ many adventures in Narnia. Each of the books, though loosely connected to the others, can also stand alone. We eventually learn where the lamppost came from and how the wardrobe became a portal. We also learn more about Aslan, what it takes to be his friend, and who are his enemies.

the deeper meaning
For those who know how to keep an eye out, Lewis has filled Narnia, not only with interesting characters, majestic scenery, and exciting action, but also with Christian allegories. Aslan himself represents Jesus Christ, “the lion of the tribe of Judah” (Revelation 7:14). The Pevensie children finally feel so at home in Narnia that they see it as their homeland and this world as the place where they are visitors. Lewis, in his books on Christian apologetics, describes the spiritual world as a parallel existence to the physical world, which has the quality of being, not gloomy and insubstantial in comparison to the physical, but more real, more colorful, and much, much more alive.

As Paul explains,

…many live as enemies of the cross of Christ. His destiny is destruction, his god is his stomach, and his glory is in his shame. His mind is on earthly things. But our citizenship is in heaven. And we eagerly await from there a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ… –Philippians 3:18-20 (see also Hebrews 11:13-16).

the disney movie
The first book of seven, The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, is now the subject of a major motion picture produced by Walt Disney Pictures & Walden Media and directed by Andrew Adamson. At the climax of the story there is a beautiful sacrifice, Lewis’ images of Christ’s death.

If you go to the movie, watch the breaking of the Stone Table, which symbolizes how Christ’s death and resurrection brought about the end of the Law of Moses by fulfilling its demands for blood atonement. Also be aware of the role Susan and Lucy play in witnessing Aslan’s death and revival, which corresponds to the historical role played by women as mourners at Jesus’ death and burial and as the first witnesses to his resurrection.

The Professor helps Peter and Susan decide how to receive Lucy’s testimony about Narnia: if she is not a liar and not crazy, then logically she must be telling the truth. This corresponds to the testimony that Jesus gave about his own identity, and the testimony that his followers gave about him, what Lewis elsewhere describes as the trilemma about Jesus: Is He Lord, Liar, or Lunatic?

Another significant parallel is this: Aslan’s loyal followers play an important role in the battle against the White Witch. Like our own spiritual warfare, Christ ensures final victory, but calls his followers to participate personally in the fight. For passages relevant to that conflict, see Ephesians 6:10-18; 2 Corinthians 10:3-5; 1 Timothy 1:18-20; 1 Timothy 6:12; and 2 Timothy 4:7).

Plans are for six more movies to follow this first one, in which the rest of the Narnia story unfolds. If they are as faithful to the books and well conceived and produced as this one was, all of us die-hard Lewis fans greet them as a Narnia introduction to a jaded world. We hope viewers will grasp and appreciate the allegorical features as well as the superficial story. The goal is not just to learn about Aslan and Narnia, but to become his friend and subject to him and live in his kingdom forever.

Do you want to go deeper?
You can search for documents that go into more detail about the Narnia allegory, including these three: “The Lion, the Witch, and the Allegory,” “The Wardrobe as a Christian Metaphor,” and “Myth Made True: The Origins of the Chronicles of Narnia.”

If you would like to purchase and read your own copy of the Chronicles of Narnia, are available in a variety of editions, from the one-volume softcover edition to the seven-volume hardcover or softcover box set. Also available is the Official Companion to Illustrated Films for The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobefeaturing stills from the film and interviews with the director and cast members, as well as EJ Kirk Beyond the Closet: The Official Guide to Narnia. (My blog provides links to all of these, giving you access to substantial discounts, from 24% to 33% off retail prices.)

Why Cyprus to study abroad?

I would like to discuss the potential for US college students to study abroad in Cyprus and discuss the relevance of study abroad students and advisors exploring Cyprus as a relevant and meaningful study abroad destination.

Firstly, let’s take a look at the perceived obstacles to studying abroad in Cyprus.

1. Few Americans know much about Cyprus.

– so what? Let’s learn!

– most who know Cyprus love it

– Cyprus is a modern and prosperous EU (European Union) country and Americans should know about it

2. Because the first language in Cyprus is Greek, many American students and study abroad advisors may incorrectly assume that unless students are proficient in Modern Greek, they will not be able to study at a Cypriot institution of higher learning.

– yes, the official language of Cyprus is Greek, but the majority of the population is multilingual and English is commonly spoken as a second language

– the University of Nicosia uses English as the official language (except in the School of Education) of instruction and administration

– Non-Greek speaking students can easily navigate the university, community and travel around Cyprus in English only

3. There are very few colleges and universities in Cyprus

– until 2008, there was only one (1) university in Cyprus

– in 2008, the Ministry of Education granted university level status to four private schools

– The University of Nicosia was established more than 25 years ago in the US higher education structure and operates academically and administratively in parallel with most US universities.

4. Cypriot institutions have not promoted themselves in the US study abroad market.

– until 2004, when the University of Nicosia (formerly Intercollege) developed Global Learning Semesters as an organization to serve as international marketing and support to US students for Intercollege, there was very little promotion of Cypriot higher education to the US college student market.

– Global Learning Semesters now supports hundreds of US college students studying at the University of Nicosia annually.

5. Because Cyprus is a bicommunal society divided by a United Nations demilitarized zone, some people may think that Cyprus is a dangerous place.

– Cyprus is a democratically stable nation, a prosperous member of the European Union, and has not experienced any violence related to the bicommunity state since 1974.

– An ideal learning laboratory for students, the bi-communal state of Cyprus is an excellent place for students to learn about international relations, active UN negotiations, and ethnic/national divisions in a stable, non-violent society.

6. Because Cyprus is so close to the “Middle East”, some people may think that it is an Arab nation and/or may have security issues related to “Middle Eastern” countries.

– Located in the Mediterranean, Cyprus is a close ally, neighbor and friend of Greece.

– Cyprus considers itself a “Christian” nation and most Cypriots observe Orthodox Christianity.

– in geographical proximity, Cyprus is closer to Israel, Egypt and Turkey than to its Western European counterparts

– politically, economically and internationally… Cyprus is a member of the European Union and therefore functions as a prosperous European society

– Culturally, Cyprus has a long and diverse history of living at the crossroads of European, Middle Eastern and North African civilizations and thus benefits from a culturally diverse perspective and exposes the average American student to a Mediterranean crossroads not seen in many of the common destinations Americans flock to.

Below, let’s look at some of the important factors that any student should consider when choosing a relevant study abroad program.

1. What are the academic options available?

2. Can I earn academic credits that will be added to my study plan?

3. Do I meet the program’s eligibility requirements?

4. Will the cultural experience be relevant to my academic, personal, and professional goals?

5. Are student support services meeting my needs?

6. Can I afford it?

Academic options in Cyprus

About UNic: The University of Nicosia is an independent, co-educational and equal opportunity tertiary institution that combines the best elements of Western education, quality standards and an international philosophy.

Located in Nicosia, the capital of Cyprus, an island that sits at the crossroads of three continents, the University has quickly become a center of global education. International in philosophy, the University welcomes students from all over the world, in a multicultural learning environment, promoting friendship, cooperation and understanding.

The University pursues excellence in education through high teaching standards, in a constantly improving academic environment. In addition to classroom instruction, the University offers students opportunities to participate in a wide range of activities, including student clubs, sports, public lectures, and seminars.

The University actively participates in European and local research projects as a partner and as a coordinating institution. In addition, the University of Nicosia received the approval of an Erasmus University Charter and is an official participant in the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS). The University of Nicosia is also active in the community with campaigns for various causes, including environmental protection. In recognition of this work, the institution received the prestigious “Global 500” award from the United Nations. Other examples of community service include campaigns to fight world hunger and raise funds for worthy causes. In an ongoing project, teachers help inmates gain knowledge and skills in Computer Science, Art and Psychology.

Academic tradition encourages most of the world’s universities to adopt the name of the city that hosts them. In fact, this happens almost as a rule when the city in question happens to be the capital. The University of Nicosia prides itself on the ties and status that its name conveys. To this end, the University is committed to maintaining its position at the forefront of education, research, and social service; in line with the enduring motto of the institution: “Excellence in Education”.

US Study Abroad students can take courses in almost all academic departments (except Education, as it is taught in Greek).

*Business School


Business Administration




hospitality management

Hotel and Tourism Management

sports director

* Faculty of Humanities, Social and Legal Sciences

applied multimedia



Language and literature

Graphic Communications

Interior design

International relations



public relations and advertising

*School of Sciences

Informatics Engineering

computer’s science

Electronic Engineering


academic credit

Study abroad programs at the University of Nicosia are credit programs that are consistent with US college-level academic work standards.

Study Abroad is a great investment of time and money for most of you. Be sure to follow the correct steps to earn academic credit at your home institution for your study abroad experience.

All of our instructional work is carried out by qualified teachers and the University of Nicosia is fully accredited. Upon successful completion of your study abroad program, you will receive an official transcript directly from the University of Nicosia.

Although our programs are distinguished by their combination of travel and academic activities, we do not grant credit for academic or co-curricular travel. He will continue to be enrolled as a full-time student at the University of Nicosia.

It is important that you understand the credit transfer process at your home college/university to ensure that you can take the correct steps to obtain transfer credit.

Courses at the University of Nicosia work on standard semesters, contact hours, academic rigor, grading, and assessment methods found in most US colleges and universities. The transcript is issued in English, so there are no translation issues for students’ home schools.

Eligibility Requirements

Because the University of Nicosia conducts all classroom and business instruction (except in the School of Education) in English, students do not need proficiency in a foreign language to study abroad in Cyprus. Similarly, because much of the population of Cyprus is fluent in English, it is easy to navigate Cyprus in English only.

Will the cultural experience be relevant to my academic, personal and professional goals?

Nicosia (sounds like nik-oh-see ya), the capital of Cyprus is a modern European city. Those who have traveled to Europe previously will find Nicosia and most of Cyprus very familiar. Those who have not traveled to Europe will get a “small” perspective of Europe as a very historical region of the world and also as a modern and dynamically growing society.

American students participating in a study abroad program at the University of Nicosia through Global Learning Semesters will attend classes with approximately 4,000 local Cypriot students and 1,000 international students. Students will live in apartments in the residential neighborhood surrounding the University’s Nicosia campus.

Again, Cyprus is a small nation, not too overwhelming for American students, even from non-metropolitan communities, so students don’t need to be travel experts to get the most out of community immersion.

Cyprus is a historically fascinating country and offers meaningful practical experiences for those interested in international relations, international business, history, management, economics, and other humanities and social sciences.

Student Support Services

American students participating in a study abroad program at the University of Nicosia will enjoy world-class student support services, tailored to the characteristics of American students studying abroad and strategically providing the level of support necessary to make even the first-time international traveler and multi-country-savvy student feel comfortable, yet challenged to develop intercultural competencies.

Global Learning Semesters provides comprehensive student support services, including pre-departure and on-site orientation, 24/7 local staff support, emergency response, field trips and strategic co-curricular activities, housing, academic and personal support. A member of NAFSA and the Forum on Education Abroad, Global Learning Semesters has become one of the leading providers of study abroad programs for US college students.

Yes, Cyprus is an academically and culturally relevant place for American college students to study abroad for the summer, semester, or full year.

5 Questions to Ask a Family Law Practice Attorney

Going through a divorce can be a difficult experience for many people. For some, the experience can be overwhelming when you consider the emotional distress that divorce brings, the financial burden so often associated with divorce, and the legal requirements, which are sometimes directly related to the emotional distress experienced. To help lessen the burden, be sure to hire an experienced, successful, and committed family law attorney. The following are five questions that can help you determine when you have a good family law attorney.

1.) Ask the attorney if they have experience relevant to your case. Have you handled divorce proceedings involving custody battles, child or spousal support questions, or other unique circumstances? Some have major financial concerns that must also be resolved in the divorce proceeding. There is hardly a substitute for experience, so retaining an attorney with relevant experience for your case can be extremely beneficial.

2.) Ask the lawyer how they usually handle a divorce case. Do they go the mediation route or are most of their cases handled in court? This is also a good time to ask about the different types of divorce available and to get advice on each.

3.) Building on the question above, ask if the attorney is a trained mediator or trained in collaborative law.

4.) Ask if the lawyer you are speaking with will be responsible for negotiating the terms of the divorce or if another lawyer in the firm will be responsible. It’s always good to know who’s going to represent you, and sometimes the only way to know for sure is to just ask the question.

5.) Finally, ask if there are any ancillary services you may need, such as bookkeeping, other financial services, private investigators, etc. You will also want to inquire about the fees associated with these services and, of course, the fees associated with the attorney handling your divorce case. Also ask if there are any other fees that have not been mentioned in your discussion.

During your initial consultation, don’t hesitate to ask questions. Treat it like an interview of sorts so you leave your office feeling like you have a good idea of ​​how your case will be handled and what to expect throughout the process.

Kenyan Real Estate Professionals

With a rapidly growing real estate sector, Kenya has attracted a great group of real estate professionals who not only provide the necessary experience but are also ready to take advantage of the emerging property investment opportunities in the country.

The development of a sustainable and lucrative real estate market in Kenya depends on having real estate professionals who adhere to the professional code of ethics, are academically and professionally qualified, and adhere to Kenyan laws on property related matters from ownership and purchase to real estate development.

Who make up the real estate directory?

real estate agent

Known simply as an agent or broker, a real estate agent acts as an intermediary not only between buyers and sellers of properties, but also between owners and tenants. Its functions include:

  • Search of properties for sale and organization/performing visits

  • administrative property

  • property valuation

  • Offer information about property improvements, such as renovations.

To be registered as a real estate agent in Kenya:

  • Must be a full member of the Kenya Institution of Surveyors or a corporate member of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors

  • Graduate or graduate from a learning institution recognized by the Real Estate Agents Registration Board

  • Must have more than six months post-qualification practical experience gained in Kenya that satisfies the board

  • You must be of good character and the Board must be satisfied that you have never been convicted of fraud or dishonesty.


Popularly known as ‘Wakili’, they are in charge of the legal aspect of property matters.

  • Accompany buyers and sellers of properties during negotiations and the signing of transaction agreements.

  • Offer legal guidance to avoid legal pitfalls, explain legalese, and read the fine print on all related documents

  • Crucial for required searches, preparing transfers of ownership and closing statements.

  • Lawyers serve the best interest of the party they represent.

To practice in Kenya, property lawyers must:

  • Membership of the Kenya Bar Association – Bar Association

  • Degree in Law

  • Successful Kenyan Law School Candidates

mortgage broker

A fairly new role in the Kenyan real estate industry, mortgage brokers link mortgage borrowers with the best mortgage lenders.

  • Look for varied mortgage rates given by different lenders

  • Help borrowers directly access cheaper mortgage rates than those available through a bank

In Kenya, mortgage borrowers prefer corporate borrowers and their rates are 1% of the mortgage value.

Banker/financial advisor

A banker is also consulted as a financial advisor:

  • Offer total or partial financing of real estate investments

  • Provide financial advice related to the real estate market.

  • Assist clients in developing achievable financial and real estate investment plans and goals

  • Establish loan/mortgage qualification requirements

In Kenya, bankers come from various local and international banks, building societies, savings and credit cooperatives (Saccos), etc.


A surveyor is qualified to establish property lines and markers and then to check the status of properties with the Department of Surveying.

To qualify as a surveyor one must be:

  • Holder of a Bachelor’s degree in Surveying and Photogrammetry from an accredited university

  • Or have a diploma certificate from the Kenya Institute of Surveying and Mapping

expert appraiser

Known as asset valuation and administration inspectors in Kenya, they prepare and report asset valuations and manage those assets.

To qualify one must have:

  • Bachelor’s Degree in Land Economics

  • Postgraduate Diploma of the Kenya Chapter of Appraisers and Surveyors Institution of Wealth Management

  • Integrity and high ethical and professional conduct.


Contractors are the most used professionals in Kenya. They often multi-task as project managers and are charged with:

  • real estate plans of buildings

  • Project implementation based on project scope

  • Cooperate with architects and real estate development engineers to develop a property that meets the needs and expectations of clients and that meets established development standards.

  • Meet project milestones within budget and established deadlines


For profit, developers:

  • Search for potential investment properties

  • Sources of funding

  • Request urban authorizations

  • Build on raw property

  • Repair and maintain properties

  • property lease


In Kenya, an architect advises clients on standard procurement procedures and:

  • contractor sources

  • Develop property plans.

  • design buildings

  • Oversees property construction

property manager

Property managers handle real estate investments on behalf of the owners. Although there are property management companies in Kenya, they are rare and estate agents typically perform the following roles:

  • Obtain and evaluate tenants for rental properties

  • Negotiate lease or rental terms and contracts

  • collect rent

  • Organize property maintenance, from cleaners to electricians and plumbers.

  • Advise on insurance and legal matters related to real estate and investment.

Not an A student? Write a great high school resume anyway

Writing your first, second, or even third high school resume isn’t easy. Nobody said it was. With that said, though, writing your first, second, or even third high school resume is probably easier than mastering some of the popular video games students know so well.

Have you ever wondered why you or your high school student, if you are a parent, is good or great at video games, skateboarding, or playing the guitar? If you or your teen are like my teen, it’s because of the number of hours you put into doing it right.

One of the biggest obstacles I’ve seen in getting teens to sit down and get down to writing a high school resume is the fear that their grades are too low. Teens have told me in workshops that only bright students or brainiacs have anything to put on a high school resume.

Also, teen job seekers feel that most employers don’t even want a high school resume. They believe that all the employer wants them to do to get the job is fill out a job application form and a five-minute interview.

For the most part, it’s true that most employers are fine with just one job application. However, if a teen feels that her grades may be an obstacle, she should increase her marketing by writing a high school resume.

If your teen is not an A student, then a good high school resume can set them apart and will impress an employer.

Although the employer’s list of requirements will change from job to job, the fundamental key behaviors that employers look for basically remain the same across all jobs.

Demonstrate these four key behaviors on a high school resume to impress employers and show that you’re the right person for the job, whether you’re a straight-A student or not. Also consider the included activity examples that you can put on your high school resume to show off your skills.

good communication skills

Can you read, write and speak without using slang? Cite examples of specific classes in which you did very well giving presentations or public speaking. Also identify any clubs or organizations on campus where you can practice your public speaking skills.

Honesty and integrity

Are you trustworthy and will others vouch for you? If you’ve been really helpful to a teacher or been in a role monitoring activities, you can use these examples on your high school resume.


Do you get along with others? Are you on a team at school or have you been called to lead a group or project? Cite these examples to show what you’ll be able to work with team members on the job.

Work ethics

Are you a hard worker? Can you demonstrate the amount of responsibilities you have? Do you have a skill or interest that was self-taught? For example, can you create Podcasts or create web pages and have you learned how to do it on your own or by following instructions?

The simple fact is that all of us have talents that could be an asset at work. You should display these skills on your high school resume, especially if you don’t think your grades are impressive enough.

Once the high school resume is complete, many resume websites offer free high school resume reviews.

Benefits of 3D glasses

With 3D movies gaining popularity and a number of 3D TVs coming onto the market in the near future, it can be a bit confusing how each system works, there is currently no true universal 3D system with a number of methods fighting for overall market control, out of the current 4 methods of viewing 3D, there are 3 different 3D glasses used in conjunction with each type. These four types include polarization, active shutter, and lenticular technology, along with the ancient anaglyph method we all know and love.

To understand how 3D glasses work you need to have a basic understanding of how the human eye measures depth perception, simply each eye is separated by a distance, which means that the image each sees is slightly different from the other, the brain then does its thing and converts these two images into a single image with the addition of depth. This process is used to create 3D images. When watching a 3D movie or 3D image, you are actually looking at two slightly different images at the same time. The 3D glasses complete the process by blocking out an image from each eye so that your two eyes see two slightly different images, each just like in real life. It really is quite simple but really amazing!

The 3D glasses for each method are different, with anaglyph 3D you use glasses that have red/blue lenses, what you are seeing consists of two images per frame that is processed in each color so that each eye filters one image. This is the old method that was used for the massive 3D movie boom of the 1980s. The most popular new method used in theaters is with the help of polarization, with this method you are shown two images each polarized differently, the 3D glasses you wear with this method are transparent and each lens is polarized to allow only one of the two images to enter each eye, for example the right lens can be polarized to only allow horizontal light waves while the left lens will only allow the vertical.

Currently, there are two newer methods coming onto the market, which are mainly used for home use in newer 3D TVs and monitors, which use active shutter and lenticular technology. With active shutter 3D, you need special battery-powered LCD glasses that block alternate images displayed at high speed on a screen with a 120Hz refresh rate. The other new method is lenticular technology which doesn’t require 3D glasses because the TV itself creates the 3D image by reflecting light at slightly different angles towards the viewer with its unique screen.

Now that you know the features of the three different types of 3D glasses, you can sit back and enjoy the show.

How to do an "Judgment by Declaration"

A trial by declaration is an alternative to a brief trial. Instead of having oral testimony, evidence is presented in the form of written statements that are considered by the judge. The option to use trial by declaration is stated on the back of traffic citations. Unfortunately, this method has not yet been adopted nationally. Although the method is mentioned on the back of the citation, no instructions are provided.

Anyone can download the necessary forms, if you can find out for yourself which forms you need. Anyone can fill out the forms, again, if you can figure out for yourself what information is required. If you can complete these two steps on your own, simply submit the forms to the court with your signature at the bottom.

Your written statement will include your testimony and objections to anything the officer may send to the court, if the officer bothers to do so. You can also add images, maps, etc. to support your case.

What happens next?

If the officer does not bother to write a statement, your case will be dismissed. He will not earn any points on his license and will not have to pay any fees or costs to the Court.

If the officer writes a statement before the due date, you will have already included the necessary objections that will allow the judge to ignore the officer’s statement. The judge will decide his case.

You will be informed by mail of the verdict. You will get a “Trial by Declaration Judgment.” If you are found not guilty, the charge is dismissed.

If you are convicted, you may be fined, but the judge may also assign you to complete DMV-approved traffic school. (Each statement already includes an application for traffic school.) When you provide proof of completion of traffic school, the court will vacate your conviction and no violation points will be reported to DMV.

What happens if I lose my Trial by Declaration?

If the judge finds you guilty after reading your statement, you automatically have the right to a new trial. This “Trial De Novo” will be an in-person trial where the judge listens to evidence and testimony from you and the subpoenaing officer, just as if he did a trial in the first place, except it’s been months before your officer has time to forget. To request a trial, simply submit a “Request for Trial De Novo” to the court postmarked within 20 days of the mailing of your guilty verdict. This form is available through a link on these websites or can be requested from the court.

If the officer does not appear at the new trial, your case is dismissed. By the time he arrives at this trial, three to six months after being cited, the officer may no longer remember the important facts of his case, leading to a dismissal. If the new judge at your second trial accepts his argument, that judge can either dismiss the case or find you not guilty. Even if you are found guilty at your second trial, the judge can still reduce your bail and assign you to traffic school.

Motorcycle Accident Injury Settlements – What to Expect?

The amount of a motorcycle accident injury settlement payment will largely depend on the facts and circumstances surrounding your specific motorcycle accident accident. Each motorcycle crash accident will have different injuries and circumstances, so it is highly unlikely that two motorcycle accident settlements will result in the same monetary result.

Determination of the relevant factors of the accident

As the victim of a motorcycle accident who suffered an injury due to the negligence of another person, it will be up to you and your legal representation to prove that you deserve the compensation you are seeking. When a settlement amount is reached, accident factors are used to determine the amount and entitlement. The following are the areas that you and your attorney should focus on to ensure maximum compensation.

Proving fault in the motorcycle accident

Some motorcycle accident cases are straightforward. The defendant caused the accident, no questions were asked, and your settlement is entered after negotiations are completed. Other times, it’s not so easy. To prove negligence, you may need the traffic citation the defendant was issued during the accident, eyewitness accounts, etc.

In most accidents, insurance companies prefer to handle negotiations outside of the courtroom. That is why many of these injury claims never go to trial, especially when there is inadmissible evidence that the defendant is guilty.

A sure way to prove that the defendant was at fault is to prove that he was distracted. Some common distractions for drivers include:

• Poisoning

• drugs

• Entertainment on the road or in the car

• Cell phones

• Poor eyesight

• Sleep deprivation

Different states have different liability measures in car and motorcycle accidents. If your state assigns a percentage of fault to the accident, you will only receive a percentage of the settlement amount. Much will be determined by the ability of the defendant’s insurance company to assume part or all of its client’s fault.

Insurance Policies and Limitations

Most motorcycle accident injury settlement amounts will not exceed the maximum insurance coverage limits of the defendant’s policy. When presented before a jury, the amount could exceed the amount of the policy limitations. Still, you may never collect this amount if the defendant has no other assets.

As stated above, insurance companies would prefer not to go to trial if the defendant is easily identifiable as guilty. Negotiations for your settlement will take place with your legal representation and the insurance company’s attorney. You have the final say on whether you will accept the settlement or if you want to take it to court.

Injury, pain and suffering

Unfortunately, some accidents involving motorcycles can leave the rider in a serious situation. When accidents are serious enough, they can even result in death, leaving family members fighting for a fair settlement to cover the costs.

Most personal injury claim awards are used to cover medical bills, lost wages, rehabilitation costs, and more. Your legal representative will also help you fight through the pain and suffering of the accident to ensure that you receive maximum compensation for your injuries.

Why legal representation is needed for your case

Even though you were in a motorcycle accident and are most likely still on the mend, you shouldn’t have to handle the insurance companies on your own. Personal injury lawyers have the experience to handle every step of the motorcycle accident injury settlement process, advising you along the way. If you were injured in a motorcycle accident, you may be eligible to collect for your injuries. Call a motorcycle accident injury attorney today for a free case consultation. The best part is that most attorneys do not charge you anything unless they win your case and get a settlement.

Common Mistakes Writers Make When Writing

For those writers planning to publish a book, I can only hope that your manuscript goes through extensive editing before it goes to print. This is especially important for those who self-publish or use on-demand publishing services to bring their book to market. These methods generally do not require or offer editing services to catch errors that can cost you credibility as an author.

As a single author editor, as well as working as a contract editor for two publishers, I have seen many grammatical or mechanical errors in manuscripts. I’ll share some of the most common mistakes in the hope that you can avoid these pitfalls.

Note that Associated Press (AP) style is commonly used for journalistic works such as newspapers and web text. The examples I’m going to use are from the Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS) published by the University of Chicago Press. It is one of the most respected and trusted guidelines for literary works such as books.

1. A very common mistake in many of the books I edit or review occurs in the title, headings, and subheadings. Chicago Manual of Style 7.127 states: In regular title capitalization, also known as title style, the first and last word and all nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, and subordinate conjunctions (if, because, as). , that, etc.) are capitalized. Articles (a, an, the), coordinating conjunctions (and, but, or, for ni), and prepositions, regardless of their length, are lowercase unless they are the first or last word of the title or subtitle .

2. A book has no right (ie serving, allowed, permitted); is titled (which means having a title, label, or name).

3. Titles of books, records, movies, TV shows, and scripts must be in italics. Do not use “quotes”. Do not underline these titles unless you are formatting them for a bibliography. However, the titles of articles and titles of poems and songs are enclosed in quotation marks.

4. Unless a word is an acronym, it must not be in ALL CAPS. Use italics for emphasis.

5. OK should be written: okay.

6. ISBN is the acronym for International Standard Book Number. Writing “ISBN number” is the same as indicating the International Standard Book number. It is redundant to use the word “number” or the pound symbol (#) after the ISBN.

7. Percent symbols (%) should be written “percent” unless used in a graph or table. Numbers followed by a percentage must be in numeric form. Example: 91 percent. However, if a percentage is the first word of a sentence in a literary work, it must be spelled out. Example: Ninety-one percent of the students passed the test.

8. Use a space (not two) after a period, question mark, colon, or semicolon. This is the complete opposite of what we were taught in typing class a long time ago! It can be a hard habit to break.

9. CMOS 5.57 states: “In a string that lists three or more items, the items are separated by a comma.” For example: the dog, the cat, the hippopotamus and the cow jumped on the moon.

10. When writing years, do not use an apostrophe. Example: 1960, not 1960 unless you want the possessive form of the word. If it is abbreviated: ’60s is correct; 60 is incorrect. Notice that the apostrophe [ ‘ ] is used as a placeholder for missing numbers, and not as a single closing quote [ ‘ ] that looks in the opposite direction.

11. Speaking of years, hyphens and numbers are used when you write “the 16-year-old boy.” No hyphen is needed, and the number is spelled out when you write “the boy is sixteen.”

12. Internet is a proper name and the first letter must be capitalized. The debate on whether or not Web should be capitalized is still ongoing. CMOS says that it must be written in upper and lower case. It is another name for the World Wide Web, which is a proper name.

EN: Website. When a word is used a lot, its spelling is commonly accepted, even if it is incorrect. The most common spelling and usage of this word is website. However, according to CMOS, it’s two words: website. As long as you’re consistent throughout your book or paper, I doubt most people will question the spelling.

13. The script em [-] is defined as one em (letter “m”) in width. The double hyphen will be converted to an em hyphen, if you write two hyphens (hyphens), and do not put a space before or after. Or, you can create an em dash in Windows-based programs by holding down the Caps Lock and Alt keys while typing 0151 on your number pad. Similar to a parenthetical sentence (like this one), the em dash separates clauses in a sentence.

14. The script [-] is an en (letter “n”) wide: half the width of an em dash. The en dash is used to indicate a closed range, or a connection between two things of almost any kind: numbers, people, places, etc. For example: June-July 2008. Create an en dash in Windows-based programs by holding down the Caps Lock and Alt keys while typing 0150 on the numeric keypad. There must be no spaces before or after a hyphen.

15. When writing dialogue, all punctuation goes in quotation marks. When using a word or phrase to separate text between quotation marks, the first example below is correct; the second is wrong:

Every day we hear that the price of gasoline has hit an “all-time high.” Every day we hear that the price of gas has hit an “all-time high.”

16. Numbers less than ten must always be spelled. Some style guides will disagree with the higher numbers. Chicago advocates that all numbers less than 101 be spelled out. When in doubt, always consult a style guide. Be consistent and use the same style guide throughout your document or manuscript. Correcting these common errors will make your manuscript much easier and more enjoyable to read.

If you need help preparing your book manuscript, the editors on our team will be happy to help you. Our rates are more affordable than you might expect. Visit for more information.